For the Daily Posts
Photos by Woodland Gnome 2016
Tips, tricks, and tools for gardening in a forest community
Posted in Canna, Flower Gardening, Gardening in Williamsburg, Nature art, Nature Photography, One Word Photo Challenge, Orbs of light in the garden, Perennials, Perma-culture, Photo Challenge, Photography, Plant photos, Plants which attract hummingbirds, Plants which attract pollinating insects, Summer Garden, sunrise, Trees, Weather
Many sources of gardening advice admonish that one must ‘feed the soil, not the plant.’ And this is generally true for trees, shrubs, and perennials. Anything planted directly into the ground performs better in fertile, well prepared soil. Compost is the most important thing to dig into a bed or planting hole to enrich the soil. Adding an organic mulch, which attracts earthworms, further enriches and improves the soil. The more worms, the better the soil. Additional fertilizer rarely is needed once one ‘gets the soil right.’ That said, heavy bloomers benefit from an annual application of an organic fertilizer such as Espoma’s Rose Tone.
However, most potting soils are basically sterile mixes of coir or peat, perlite and/or vermiculite. There isn’t enough nutrition to support healthy plant growth. Some potting soils come fortified with worm castings or pelletized fertilizer and advertise that they will feed a plant for several months. Some gardeners recommend mixing a little compost into the pot; but this is generally not enough to encourage lush growth.
To support vibrant growth coming from a relatively small pot, there needs to be a lot of minerals available for those crowded roots to absorb. When preparing a pot for a fresh planting, I thoroughly mix some balanced organic fertilizer, like Espoma’s Plant Tone, into the potting soil before adding any plants. This feeds the plants long-term, but is released very slowly. It also includes helpful strains of microorganisms to help plants use the minerals. After adding the plants, I sprinkle the smoothed soil with a timed-release pelletized fertilizer like Osmocote, which also includes important trace minerals. Some soil mixes already have the Osmocote mixed in. This is a timed release fertilizer which is activated whenever the pot is watered.
Finally, I’ll mix some very quick release Neptune’s Harvest in a watering can to water the plants into the soil. This is a foliar feed, easily absorbed, and offers some protection while the plants establish. It truly does ‘feed the soil,’ and improves soil texture and its ability to retain water. It is also a good ‘pick me up’ if a plant ever starts to look a little dull. Now, you might think that feeding a potted plant so much fertilizer might burn or kill it. I’ve never had any problem, probably because these are organic products and have relatively low nitrogen. The plants begin growing quickly, have good leaf color and produce sturdy new growth.
Why it works: Although plants make their own ‘food/fuel’ from water, oxygen and sunlight, they need nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous for healthy growth. Lacking any of these, the plant will be stunted and sickly. In addition, plants also benefit from a variety of trace minerals like copper, iron, magnesium and zinc. These can be absorbed from many garden soils, but are lacking in potting soil. Access to these important minerals is essential to productive plant growth. Think of a plant as a living chemistry lab. Many elements are needed to keep the bio-chemistry of life fueled.
Woodland Gnome’s Caveat: My guilty secret for abundant flowers, especially on indoor plants during winter, is water soluble Miracle Grow Orchid Food. This is not an organic product, but a tiny bit mixed into the usual water, every month or so, produces fabulous results! Our ‘Christmas’ Cactus, Schlumbergera, bloomed non-stop from November through May with monthly feeding.
I believe the only difference between a “Green Thumb” and a “Brown Thumb” is a little bit of know-how and a lot of passion for our plants. If you feel inclined to share a little bit of what YOU KNOW from your years of gardening experience, please create a new post titled: “Green Thumb” Tip: (topic) and include a link back to this page. I will update this page with a clear link back to your post in a listing by topic, so others can find your post, and will include the link in all future “Green Thumb” Tip posts.
Let’s work together to build an online resource of helpful tips for all of those who are passionate about plants, and who would like to learn more about how to grow them well.
Posted in Container flower gardening, Garden Tapestry, Gardening addiction, Gardening How-To, Gardening in Williamsburg, Organic Gardening, Plant photos, Texture, Tips, Tools, and Techniques, Zone 7B Cultural Information
Tags: Angel wing begonia, container, container gardening, Feeding the Soil, Fertilizers and Plant Foods, Ficus afghanistanica, Forest Garden, Gardening in Williamsburg, Green Thumb Tip, organic gardening, Pelargonium, Potting soil, Rose of Sharon, Soil, Summer garden, Tips and Tricks of Gardening, Zinnia
Where have the butterflies gone? Just in the last few days I’ve noticed their absence. On Friday I was watching one bigger than a goldfinch feeding on a Zinnia, and suddenly yesterday, I didn’t see any while working in the garden.
And this morning, I read Kim Smith’s beautiful piece on the declining Monarch population.
Our population of Swallowtails has been strong this season. We’ve had their constant companionship for months. We often stop to enjoy them as we’re walking past the windows, arriving home in the car, and working in the garden. They have been a delight- and now are more than missed.
What a joy to find them. They are still enjoying the Bronze Fennel I sought so early this spring, hoping for a huge, ferny display all summer. Well, Andrew Patton ordered it for me when I inquired, and soon I purchased beautiful healthy plants at Homestead Garden Center. We planted it in big pots, alongside Borage, with high hopes. Somehow, I think that watching generation after generation of these beautiful caterpillars has been even more interesting than a huge Fennel plant might have been; disregarding the fact that they were never able to bloom.
So I’m happy that the Swallowtails found a sanctuary here in our little garden. We have done our small part here to keep their population healthy and happily growing.
Sadly, the Monarchs are struggling. The herbicides used by farmers raising GMO crops destroy the host plants Monarchs require to raise their young. The Milkweed plants are disappearing from the countryside for many reasons- development, spread of the suburbs, and industrial farming. Each of us can do our small part to assist the Monarchs, along with countless other small wild things, by providing safe habitat and the host plants they require to live.
The stores are full of brightly packaged chemicals to solve every gardening problem, from weeds to mosquitoes. As more and more of us see past the promise of a quick fix, and understand the implications of using these dangerous chemicals, perhaps we can turn to other, safer, ways to manage our land and grow our gardens. The 1960’s promise of “Better Life Through Chemistry” was a hollow promise. We have poisoned our water, poisoned our land, and now are poisoning ourselves.
Please keep in mind that we are all interconnected. All of us are parts of the web of life, sharing this beautiful home hurtling through space. And we Homo sapiens sapiens, intended to be the wisest of creatures, are the ones who have killed the oceans, filled the aquifers with fracking fluids, cut the forests which purify our air, and are now in process of even destroying our store of seeds for the foods on which we depend through genetic modification to make them immune to herbicides. As our farmers spray their fields with glyphosate, killing the host plants needed by birds and butterflies; so it also runs off into creeks and ponds, killing insect larvae, frogs, fish, and turtles.
We can not, by ourselves, change industrial farming practices or stop fracking for natural gas.
We can do our own small bit to keep our own garden as a sanctuary free of herbicides, and pesticides; to provide sources of clean water; and grow a few life-giving plants to sustain the creatures who find shelter with us. As we do to the least among us…. we do to ourselves.
All Photos by Woodland Gnome 2013
For readers in the Williamsburg, Va area, Homestead Garden Center is committed to organic gardening practices. All plants they raise in their own greenhouses have been raised with lots of TLC and only organic fertilizers. If you have visited Homestead, then you know that only organic, environmentally safe fertilizers, fungicides, soil amendments, insect controls, and other gardening aids are available in their shop for sale. Everyone in the family is knowledgeable and can help guide you to excellent products to enhance your garden. They have taught me a thing or three along the way, and I appreciate their expertise in organic gardening methods. For friends not in Virginia, I hope you can find a garden shop with a staff so knowledgeable and caring.
Posted in bees, butterflies, butterfly photos, Container vegetable and herb gardening, Garden planning, Gardening in Williamsburg, Herbs, Insects, Organic Gardening, Plants which attract butterflies, Plants which attract hummingbirds, Plants which attract pollinating insects, Plants which feed birds, Use of Native Plants, Zone 7B Cultural Information
This gallery contains 27 photos.
What a wonderful sensation to wander out into the butterfly garden and stand in the midst of dozens of butterflies flying around from flower to flower sipping nectar. Sometimes four or five butterflies are all drinking from the same plant, shoulder to shoulder with the bumblebees. What joy to be a butterfly in July when … Continue reading
Posted in Bee, butterflies, Butterfly bush, butterfly photos, Butterfly tree, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail butterfly, Eastern Zebra Swallowtail butterfly, Environmental Preservation, Garden planning, Garden Resources, Gardening addiction, Gardening How-To, Gardening in Williamsburg, Hydrangea, James City Co. VA, Lantana, Monarda, Native Plants, Nature art, Orbs of light in the garden, penta, Perennials, Perma-culture, Plant lists, Plant photos, Plants which attract butterflies, Plants which attract pollinating insects, Rose of Sharon, Salvia, Summer Garden, Trees, Wildlife gardening, zinnia, Zone 7B Cultural Information
Management by Walking Around is a way of life in many businesses and professions. During all of those years teaching, I walked around and around my classroom many times each day, armed with a pen and notepad, listening, and observing my students. I answered a question here, wrote a quick note for someone else, checked homework, and kept an eye on notebooks and computer screens. Walking around allowed me to interact quietly and personally with each child, to offer quick praise as well as quick re-direction as problems arose.
The same approach keeps me in touch with my garden. Things change so quickly, especially when it’s hot. The garden is never the same one day to the next, and every perambulation brings surprises. This week the Rose of Sharon shrubs began blooming for the summer. Each day another bush or two burst into bloom with its special color and form of blossom.
I usually wore a jacket, when teaching, with ample pockets for pens, paperclips, hall passes, Jolly Ranchers, and a notepad. Now I have a gardening vest, actually a Bean fishing vest, covered in pockets of all shapes and sizes. I always carry clippers, and twist ties or twine. My pockets also hold a handful of Moonflower seeds harvested in late winter, a few stones for pushing into vole holes, and of course my cell phone. I carry a long skinny trowel with a cutting edge which can accomplish a million small chores, from a quick transplant or division to filling in a hole.
Even a quick trip out to water a few pots shows me that more attention is needed here and there. A heavy stem of coneflowers needs to be staked. Roses need to be cut back where yesterday’s bloom has lost its petals. A vole tunnel needs to be stomped down flat, and the hole filled with gravel. Ten minutes quickly stretch into an hour or more, and time passes unheeded as I’m absorbed in the unfolding life around me.
I saw two golden and red skinks this late this afternoon as I watered the basil. They expected me to keep going around the house, and I surprised them by turning around before they could skitter away. How they have grown since they first appeared weeks ago. They happily live close to the house where they can sun themselves and always find a drink of water. I mostly hear them running behind pots or under vines. Today I was honored that they didn’t run from me.
Walking around, daily, shows me problems when they are small, and can be remedied with just a little effort. I can cut back the spent blooms of annuals, pull a few blades of grass taking hold in a bed, tie up new growth on a Clematis vine, prune a lantana branch away from a rose, pinch back the growth of Chrysanthemums and Coleus to make them grow bushy. My tour yesterday showed me that deer had hosted a party in my garden the night before and made a buffet from a hydrangea and even a Persian Shield, which I thought they were supposed to ignore. Time to spray again with Plant Skydd, and move those pots to a safer location.
Miss a few days of the daily walk, and things can definitely get out of control. A fast growing Zinnia can fall across a path and begin growing horizontally. A new family of voles can move in and tunnel up a whole patch of ground where they think they can’t be seen. A fungus can infest the leaves of a rose, and a pot left sitting in rain water can steam in the summer sun and cook the plant inside. A garden needs to feel the gardener’s touch every day.
There is research I recently read which shows that plants actually respond to our attention. They know when they are being admired, and react with fear (according to the scientist who hooked up sensors to a plant’s leaves to measure this) when they are about to be cut back. Just like us, they enjoy attention and respond to admiration by growing faster and stronger. A walk of appreciation, where you notice the blooms and new growth on the plants in your garden; where you see each plant as an individual and tend to its needs; makes a difference in their growth and health.
So the need to water in the cool of the morning is usually enough to tear me away from my coffee and morning news programs to suit up and head out into the garden. Once outside, watering leads to weeding. Flowers and vegetables are harvested while it’s cool. Supports are adjusted, flowers are sniffed, butterflies watched, photos snapped. On very special days, our hummingbirds will fly over to play in the spray of my hose. One small chore leads to another, and in no time at all I realize the sun has gotten very hot, and it’s on towards noon. Management by walking around brings me out each day to appreciate, assist, and learn something new about life in our forest garden.
Posted in Bees, Hummingbirds, Butterflies, and Dragonflies, Garden Wardrobe, Gardening How-To, Orbs of light in the garden, Organic Gardening, Plant lists, Plant photos, Rose of Sharon, Tips, Tools, and Techniques, Vole management