Pentagonal Flowers

A male squash flower with a bee collecting pollen.

A male squash flower with a bee collecting pollen.

Have you ever noticed the beautiful geometry of plants?

Petunia

Petunia and Verbena

Some wise men and women in the past looked closely at the world around us, and intuited that The Creator of All must be a mathematician, and that The Creator specifically expresses itself through the geometry of nature.  A great wisdom tradition, which traces its roots to pre-dynastic Egypt and perhaps earlier, symbolizes The Creator most simply with the letter, “G“, for “Geometry”.

Columbine

Columbine

The more one looks at all things large and small, from spiraling galaxies and supernova explosions to the intricacies of crystalline structures and molecular bonding, the more this insight rings true.  Geometry is everywhere in nature.  The ancients observed the world around them in search of truth and wisdom.  Wise men and women do the same today .

Violas

Violas

In the world of plants and flowers one notices the beautiful geometry of  how each stem, leaf, and petal is constructed.

Ruellia brittoniana, Mexican Petunia

Ruellia brittoniana, Mexican Petunia

Although each is an individual, certain symmetries and patterns repeat again and again in beautiful profusion.

Clematis

Clematis

Flowers with five petals embody the pentagon and the pentagram, a wisdom symbol from ancient times.

Rose of Sharon

Rose of Sharon

Some archeoastronomers theorize that the Pentagram is a representation of Venus over her 8 year cycle as the “morning star” and the “evening star”. 

Moonflower, Ipomoea alba

Moonflower, Ipomoea alba

Many meanings have been assigned to this simple five pointed star shape over the centuries.  August 15 2013 flowers 006

I believe the source of the symbol is much more down to Earth as the shape is repeated again and again in the natural world.

Purple Heart, Sage, and purple Pentas are safe from deer grazing.

Purple Pentas, along with sage and purple heart.

Tom Knox, in his novel, The Babylon Rite, offers an intriguing insight.  He connects the pentagram, found over and again in Templar ruins, with the pentagonal morning glory flower. 

Morning Glory vine growing through a Lantana plant.

Morning Glory vine growing through a Lantana plant.

He explores an hypothesis that ancient people used the seeds of a certain cultivar of morning glory in their rituals, and that this practice was later adopted by the Knights Templar in the 12th Century.

St. John's Wort.  Part of this plant have been used as a mood stabilizer since ancient times.

St. John’s Wort. Part of this plant have been used as a mood stabilizer since ancient times.

They carved vines and pentagrams into stone to decorate their structures as a sign of veneration for this plant, and as a token of their appreciation for other gifts from the plant kingdom.  Rosslyn Chapel in Edinburgh, Scotland, is testament to their love of plants from around the world.

The Green Man

The Green Man

The walls and ceilings of the chapel are covered in vines, ears of corn, flowers, aloe leaves, and many other intriguing carvings in stone.

The Green Man

The Green Man

One of the most beautiful is that of the “Green Man”, who has leafy vines growing out of eyes, ears, and nostrils.  Green Man carvings are found on numerous Templar buildings throughout the British Isles and in other areas of Europe.

This hummingbird moth is enjoying nectar from the flowers of Clerodendrum trichotomum

This hummingbird moth is enjoying nectar from the flowers of Clerodendrum trichotomum

Whether the Templars, and others, ever used the seeds of this particular plant, or not, they certainly appreciated the gifts of the nature. 

Eggplant flowers form perfect pentagons.

Eggplant flowers form perfect pentagons.

So many of our favorite fruits and vegetables begin as a five petaled flower.

Hibiscus

Hibiscus

Flowers remain symbols of beauty, abundance, and wisdom.  Time we spend appreciating their beauty is time well spent.

Petunia

Petunia

All photos by Woodland Gnome

For more beautiful flower photos, please visit

John Hric’s Northeast Ohio Garden

Leaf and Twig

“If you have a garden and a library,

you have everything you need.”

             Marcus Tullius Cicero

“Science! Thou fair effusive ray

From the great source of mental day,

Free, generous and refined!

Descend with all thy treasures fraught

Illumine each bewilder’d thought

And bless my labouring mind

                                         Mark Akenside, “Hymn to Science,” 1744

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About woodlandgnome

Lifelong teacher and gardener.

2 responses to “Pentagonal Flowers

  1. Forest So Green

    Nice post.

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